Curriculum Vitae






Date of Birth: November 23, 1941

Place of Birth: Los Angeles, California




Ph.D., Political Science, M.I.T., 1968

B.A., International Relations, Stanford 1963



1994-present – Edward R. Stettinius, Jr., Professor of Politics, University of Virginia

August 2000- December 2003 -- Vice Provost for International Affairs, University of Virginia


1979 - 1994 - Senior Fellow, The Brookings Institution


1979 - Visiting Lecturer in Political Science, M.I.T.


1977-1979 - Senior Staff Member, National Security Council,

(Middle East)


1974-1976 - Associate Professor of Political Science,

University of Pennsylvania


1972-1974 - Staff Member, National Security Council,

(Middle East)


1968-1972 - Rand Corporation, Department of Social Sciences


1969-1971 - Lecturer, Department of Political Science, U.C.L.A.




Phi Beta Kappa

Graduate of Stanford with Great Distinction
Honorary Woodrow Wilson Fellow, 1963

Social Science Research Council International Fellowship, 1966-1968

Council on Foreign Relations, International Affairs Fellowship, 1972-1973

National Defense Education Act Fellowship, 1963-1965

President, Middle East Studies Association, 1987-1988
Honorary Professor, East China Normal University, 2004
Elected to American Academy of Arts and Sciences, 2004

All-University Teaching Award, University of Virginia, 2005





Fellow, Middle East Studies Association

Middle East Institute

Council on Foreign Relations

Board of Trustees, American University in Cairo

Editorial Advisory Board, Political Science Quarterly

Board of Trustees, Foundation for Middle East Peace

Board of Advisers, American-Iranian Council




French, Spanish, Arabic (written)




Between Ballots and Bullets: Algeria’s Transition from Authoritarianism, The Brookings Institution,1998. Introduction , Bibliography  (Société et pouvoir en Algérie, Casbah editions, 1999 -- French edition).

Peace Process: American Diplomacy and the Arab-Israeli Conflict Since 1967, The Brookings Institution, 1994; revised edition, 2001; third edition 2005. Author's Note to Third Edition, Bibliography  Translated into Arabic and Chinese.

The United States and Egypt: And Essay on Policy for the 1990s. 
The Brookings Institution, 1990.  Translated into Arabic.

(editor), The Middle East : Ten Years After Camp David, The Brookings Institution, 1988. (Translated into Arabic).


Camp David: Peacemaking and Politics , The Brookings Institution, 1986. (Translated into Arabic and Hebrew)


Saudi Arabia in the 1980s: Foreign Policy, Security and Oil, The Brookings Institution, 1981. (Translated into Arabic)


Decade of Decisions: American Policy Toward the Arab-Israeli Conflict, 1967-1976, University of California Press, 1977.

(Translated into Arabic and Hebrew)


The Politics of Palestinian Nationalism, University of California Press, 1973.


Revolution and Political Leadership: Algeria, 1954-1968, MIT Press, 1969.




“Forty Years in Search of Arab-Israeli Peace”, Macalester International, Vol. 23, Spring 2009.


“Religion and Politics in the Middle East and North Africa”, in Religion, State and Society, edited by Robert Fatton and R. K. Ramazani, Palgrave: 2009.


“Algeria in Limbo”, Current History, April 2008.


“How to Understand 9/11…”, in What Should I Read Next?, edited by Jessica Feldman, U Va Press, 2008.


“Uses and Abuses of History”, review essay in The Middle East Journal, Autumn 2008.


“American Policy in the Post-Cold War Middle East”, in Jurgen Ruland, et. Al, eds., U.S. Foreign Policy Toward the Third World: A Post-cold War Assessment, M. E. Sharpe, 2006


"Algeria's Transition to What?", The Journal of North African Studies, Vol. 9, No. 2, Summer 2004, pp. 82-92.


Algeria's Uneasy Peace", Journal of Democracy 13/4 (October 2002).

"America and the Middle East", in L. Carl Brown, ed., Diplomacy in the Middle East: The International 
Relations of Regional and Outside 
Powers , New York: I. B. Tauris, 2001.


"Algeria", in Robert Chase, Emily Hill, and Paul Kennedy, eds., The Pivotal States: A New Framework for U.S. Policy in the Developing World, New York: Norton,

1998, pp. 195-214.


"Bill Clinton et la paix israelo-arabe", Politique EtrangereSpring 1998, pp. 9-18.


"Middle East Tinderbox" , Time (International Edition), April 13, 1998, pp. 80-81.


(with Andrew Pierre) The Algerian Crisis: Policy Options for the West, Carnegie, 1996. Introduction

"The Middle East on the Brink: Prospects for Change in the Twenty-first Century", The Middle East Journal, Spring 1996. 


"American Policy toward Democratic Political Movements in the Middle East", in Ellis Goldberg, et. al., Rules and Rights in the Middle East: Democracy, Law, and Society , Seattle: University of Washington Press, 1994.


"Les Etats-Unis: gardiens du calendrier?", in Ghassan SalaméProche-Orient: les exigences de la paix , Paris: Editions Complexe, 1994.


"U.S. Policy Toward the Middle East," in Robert J. Art and Seyom Brown, eds. U.S. Foreign Policy: The Search for a New Role, New York: MacMillian Publishing Co., 1993.


"America Middle East Policy After the Cold War," in George Breslauer,, Beyond the Cold War: Conflict and Cooperation in the Third World, Berkeley, California: Institute of International Studies, 1991.


"American Strategy in the Camp David Negotiations" in S. Seikaly, R. Baalbaki and P. Dodd, editors, Quest for Understanding: Arabic and Islamic Studies in Memory of Malcolm H. Kerr, American University

of Beirut, 1991.


"The Middle East in 1990," Foreign Affairs, America and the World 1990/91, vol. 70, No. 1.


"Introduction" and "U.S. Policy Toward the Arab-Israeli Conflict," in William B. Quandt, editor, The Middle East: Ten Years after Camp David, The Brookings Institution, 1981.


"The Arab-Israeli Conflict: Implications for Mediterranean Security," Adelphi Papers, no. 230, London: The International Institute for Strategic Studies, 1988.


"Thinking About Arab-Israeli Peace," The Brookings Review, vol. 6, no. 1, Winter 1988.


"American-Egyptian Relations," in American-Arab Affairs, no. 22, Fall 1987.


"Egypt: A Strong Sense of National Identity," in Hans Binnendijk, ed., National Negotiating Styles , Washington, D.C.: Foreign Service Institute, 1987.


"Camp David and Peace Making," Political Science Quarterly, vol. 101, no. 3, 1986.


"Electoral Cycle and the Conduct of Foreign Policy," Political Science Quarterly, vol. 101, no. 5, 1986.


"U.S.-Soviet Rivalry in the Middle East," in Marshall D. Shulman, ed., East-West Tensions in the Third World, New York: W. W. Norton, 1986.


"American Proposals for Arab-Israeli Peace," in William A. Beling, ed., Middle East Peace Plans , London: Croom Helm, 1986.


"Saudi Views of the Iranian Revolution," in Barry M. Rosen, ed., Iran Since the Revolution, Boulder, Social

Science Monographs, 1985.


"The Middle East: Domestic Policy in the Ascendance," in Barry M. Blechman and Edward N. LuttwakInternational Security Yearbook 1984/85, Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press, 1985.


Energy Security in the 1980s: Economic and Political Perspectives, A Staff Paper with Douglas R. Bohi, The Brookings Institution, 1984.


"Reagan's Lebanon Policy: Trial and Error," Middle East Journal, Spring 1984.


"Menachem Begin: A Past Master of Negotiation," The Brookings Review, Winter 1983.


Saudi Arabia's Oil Policy, A Staff Paper, The Brookings Institution, 1982.


"Middle East Political Overview," in Middle East Economic Outlook, vol. 2, no. 2, October 1982, Wharton Econometric Forecasting Associates.


"The Western Alliance in the Middle East: Problems for U.S. Foreign Policy," in Steven L. Spiegel, ed., The Middle East and the Western Alliance, Boston: George Allen and Unwin, 1982.


"Middle East Political Overview: 1981-1982," Middle East Economic Outlook, vol. 2, no. 1, April 1982.


"Ronald Reagan et le Moyen-Orient," Politique Internationale, no. 14, Winter 1981/82.


"Riyadh Between the Superpowers," Foreign Policy, Fall 1981.


"The Middle East," Setting National Priorities: Agenda for the 1980s, Washington, D.C.: The Brookings Institution, 1980.


"The Middle East Crises," America and the World 1979, Foreign Affairs, vol. 58, no. 3, 1979.


"Lebanon, 1958, and Jordan, 1970," in Barry M. Blechman and Stephen S. Kaplan (eds.), Force Without War: U.S. Armed Forces as a Political Instrument, Washington, D.C.: The Brookings Institution, 1978.


"U.S. Energy and the Arab-Israeli Conflict," in Naiem A. Sherbiny and Mark A. Tessler, eds., Arab Oil: Impact on Arab Countries and Global Implications, New York: Praeger, 1978.


"Soviet Policy in the October Middle East War," International Affairs, July-October 1977.


"Kissinger and the Arab-Israeli Disengagement Negotiations," Journal of International Affairs, vol. 29, no. 1, Spring 1975.


"Les Etats-Unis et le Monde Arabe après Octobre 1973," Maghreb Machrek, no. 68, Spring 1975.


"Washington's Arab Connection," Europa-Archiv , vol. 9, Spring 1975.


"Berbers in the Algerian Political Elite," in E. Gellner and C. Micaud, eds., Berbers and Arabs: Ethnic Group Relations in North Africa, London: Duckworth, 1973.


"Can We Do Business With Radical Nationalists? Algeria: Yes," Foreign Policy, Summer 1972.


"United States Policy in the Middle East: Constraints and Choices," in Paul Hammond and Sidney Alexander, eds., Political Dynamics in the Middle East , New York: Elsevier, 1972.


"Domestic Influences on U.S. Foreign Policy in the Middle East: The View from Washington," in W. Beling, ed., The Middle East: Quest for an American Policy, Albany, New York: State University of New York Press, 1972.


"Algerian Military Development: The Professionalization of a Guerrilla Army," Cultures et Development , 1972.


"The Middle East Conflict in U.S. Strategy: 1970-1971," Journal of Palestine Studies, vol. 1, no. 1, Autumn 1971.


The Comparative Study of Political Elites , Sage Publications, 1970.


"Algeria: The Revolution Turns Inward," Mid East, August 1970.




Last Revised: April 2011