Measure of Ruralness Mean estimate
Rural Code = 4,6,8 0.075 -0.105
Rural Code = 5,7,9 0.034 -0.064
Community Characteristics  
Active MDs/10K 28.955 0.006
Active ObGyns/10K 1.351 -0.072
Child Psychiatrists/10K 0.228 -0.186
Psychiatrists/10K 1.417 0.014
Dos/10K 1.890 -0.012
Nurse Practitioners/10K 2.849 -0.007
CMHCs/10K 0.046 0.054
HMO Penetration Rate 0.312 0.578
% Black 12.692 -0.004
% Hispanic 11.229 0.000
Median Household Income 44.737 0.001
% Families in Poverty 10.680 0.016
Median Home Value 139.021 0.000
RNs/10K 81.938 0.001
Psychologists/10K 6.771 0.003
Counselors/10K 20.349 -0.002
Social Workers/10K 22.984 0.000
Black Health Professionals/10K 93.470 0.000
Hispanic Health Professionals/10K 68.652 0.000
Hospital Beds/10K 0.322 0.021
Personal Characteristics  
Speaks Spanish 0.046 0.100
Age 46.425 0.001
Female 0.548 0.408
Highest Grade Completed 13.442 0.014
Insurance from Private Job 0.668 -0.075
Insurance from Private Company 0.103 -0.178
Insurance from Other Private Source 0.017 0.158
Insurance from Medicare 0.189 0.044
Insurance from Medicaid 0.048 0.541
Insurance from Champus 0.030 0.120
Other Public Insurance 0.008 0.259
Other Insurance 0.015 -0.030
Person Smokes 0.229 0.363
Works for Pay 0.634 -0.210
Family Income 0.518 -0.191
Hispanic   0.097 0.026
Black 0.117 -0.255
Personal/Community Interactions  
Hispanic * % Hispanic 2.767 -0.003
Black * % Black 2.921 -0.007
Hispanic * Hispanic Health Professionals/10K 0.887 0.001
Black * Black Health Professionals/10K 2.924 0.004
Hispanic * Rural Code = 4,6,8 0.002 -0.244
Hispanic * Rural Code = 5,7,9 0.001 -0.332
Black * Rural Code = 4,6,8 0.007 0.261
Black * Rural Code = 5,7,9 0.004 0.281 mean effect 0.663455
Site Dummies  
Boston 0.040 -2.207 -1.544 0.061349 0.041945 0.016667
Cleveland 0.039 -2.148 -1.485 0.068832 0.04386 0.033333
Greenville 0.041 -1.732 -1.069 0.142637 0.044891 0.05
Indianapolis 0.042 -1.966 -1.303 0.096365 0.046816 0.066667
Lansing 0.041 -1.922 -1.259 0.104097 0.050654 0.083333
Little Rock 0.045 -2.026 -1.363 0.086513 0.050758 0.1
Miami 0.037 -2.371 -1.708 0.04386 0.051599 0.116667
Newark 0.041 -2.022 -1.359 0.087145 0.05245 0.133333
Orange County 0.038 -2.340 -1.677 0.046816 0.054187 0.15
Phoenix 0.038 -2.223 -1.560 0.059434 0.057796 0.166667
Seattle 0.035 -1.889 -1.226 0.110185 0.057912 0.183333
Syracuse 0.040 -2.165 -1.502 0.066607 0.059434 0.2
Atlanta 0.009 -1.921 -1.258 0.104278 0.061349 0.216667
Augusta 0.008 -1.927 -1.264 0.103197 0.061471 0.233333
Baltimore 0.010 -1.868 -1.205 0.11419 0.061958 0.25
Bridgeport 0.009 -2.293 -1.630 0.051599 0.063189 0.266667
Chicago 0.011 -2.202 -1.539 0.061958 0.063686 0.283333
Columbus 0.012 -1.791 -1.128 0.129756 0.066607 0.3
Denver 0.010 -1.991 -1.328 0.092164 0.067126 0.316667
Detroit 0.012 -1.969 -1.306 0.095854 0.067517 0.333333
Greensboro 0.010 -1.959 -1.296 0.097566 0.067647 0.35
Houston 0.011 -1.897 -1.234 0.108686 0.067909 0.366667
Huntington 0.011 -1.983 -1.320 0.093493 0.068832 0.383333
Killeen 0.009 -2.047 -1.384 0.083249 0.072345 0.4
Knoxville 0.010 -1.877 -1.214 0.112461 0.076711 0.416667
Las Vegas 0.010 -2.157 -1.494 0.067647 0.080376 0.433333
Los Angeles 0.012 -2.392 -1.729 0.041945 0.081426 0.45
Middlesex 0.010 -2.155 -1.492 0.067909 0.081879 0.466667
Milwaukee 0.011 -2.360 -1.697 0.044891 0.083249 0.483333
Minneapolis 0.012 -2.236 -1.573 0.057912 0.083709 0.5
Modesto 0.011 -2.269 -1.606 0.054187 0.086513 0.516667
Nassau 0.011 -2.161 -1.498 0.067126 0.087145 0.533333
New York City 0.011 -2.302 -1.639 0.050654 0.090197 0.55
Philadelphia 0.013 -2.059 -1.396 0.081426 0.091999 0.566667
Pittsburgh 0.011 -2.301 -1.638 0.050758 0.092164 0.583333
Portland 0.013 -1.974 -1.311 0.095006 0.093493 0.6
Riverside 0.011 -2.158 -1.495 0.067517 0.0945 0.616667
Rochester 0.015 -2.206 -1.543 0.061471 0.095006 0.633333
San Antonio 0.011 -2.237 -1.574 0.057796 0.095854 0.65
San Francisco 0.008 -2.188 -1.525 0.063686 0.096365 0.666667
Santa Rosa 0.009 -2.122 -1.459 0.072345 0.09705 0.683333
Shreveport 0.010 -1.962 -1.299 0.09705 0.097566 0.7
St. Louis 0.013 -2.056 -1.393 0.081879 0.098257 0.716667 0.0983 0
Tampa 0.011 -2.192 -1.529 0.063189 0.100881 0.733333 0.0983 1
Tulsa 0.011 -1.823 -1.160 0.123117 0.103197 0.75
Washington DC 0.012 -1.955 -1.292 0.098257 0.104097 0.766667
W Palm Beach 0.009 -1.977 -1.314 0.0945 0.104278 0.783333 0.085111 0
Worcester 0.010 -2.285 -1.622 0.05245 0.108686 0.8 0.085111 1
Dothan 0.012 -1.757 -1.094 0.137077 0.110185 0.816667
Terre Haute 0.010 -2.066 -1.403 0.080376 0.112461 0.833333
Wilmington 0.009 -2.044 -1.381 0.083709 0.11419 0.85
W Central Alabama 0.012 -1.992 -1.329 0.091999 0.120891 0.866667
Central Arkansas 0.015 -1.834 -1.171 0.120891 0.122102 0.883333
N Georgia 0.009 -1.786 -1.123 0.130815 0.123117 0.9
NE Illinois 0.011 -2.091 -1.428 0.076711 0.129545 0.916667
NE Indiana 0.011 -1.940 -1.277 0.100881 0.129756 0.933333
E Maine 0.011 -2.003 -1.340 0.090197 0.130815 0.95
E North Carolina 0.011 -1.727 -1.064 0.143767 0.137077 0.966667
N Utah 0.016 -1.792 -1.129 0.129545 0.142637 0.983333
NW Washington 0.011 -1.828 -1.165 0.122102 0.143767 1