PLAP 565                                                                                   Steven Rhoads

Economics, Values and Public Policy                                      244 Cabell Hall

Fall 2005                                                                                     Ofc. Hrs.:Tues. 3:40-5:40

924-7866                                                                and by appointment

e-mail: ser6f@virginia.edu                                                                                                                                 


GFAP 565 critically explores microeconomic concepts and analysis which are used to shape contemporary domestic policy.  I believe that the microeconomic paradigm is the leading conceptual source for contemporary policy analysis.  I hope students will leave the course with a better understanding of why economists approach policy in the way they do and of why their framework is controversial among many non-economists.


Completion of an introductory micro course (e.g., Eco 201 at UVA) is strongly recommended before enrolling in PLAP 565.  However, though the course will move quickly, it will not assume any prior knowledge of economics.  In the first three weeks we will explore the basic economic framework.  The course is not technical at all and the concepts we will use are rudimentary.  In the fourth week there will be a one hour mid-term for the first half of the class period.


After the completion of the first four weeks, the course’s content will become more interdisciplinary and our discussions will become more wide-ranging.  The success of the course will be heavily dependent on thoughtful class discussion.  With that in mind, class requirements are designed to make our class-time together more fruitful.  Though there will be the mid-term mentioned above and a short final, the other requirements are (1) regular attendance and thoughtful participation in class; (2) three to five short, unannounced quizzes [unexcused, missed quizzes will count as failures; e-mail me BEFORE class at ser6f@virginia.edu if you can’t be there]; (3) a 7-10 page paper on the assigned reading for the day which will be due on the Thursday before our Monday meeting at 3:00 [SHARP!] in the week before the paper topics are discussed.  (Early in the term, students will sign up for a particular paper topic and thus for a particular paper due date.) Papers should be e-mailed to me and also provided in hard copy and placed under my door at 244 Cabell Hall.  I will read the papers before we discuss the topic the following Monday. You and I will bring your arguments into our discussion in class.  Paper writers should spend some time thinking about how they can most effectively present the principal arguments of their paper to the class in 4 to 5 minutes.  There will be a heavy penalty for late papers.



Thoughtful Class participation (including your class presentation of your paper)     20%

Unannounced Quizzes                                                                                                20%

One 6-10 page paper                                                                                                   20%

Mid-term and Short Final                                                                                           40%




Most of the reading for the course will be from a special collection of readings available at Brillig Books (7 Elliewood Avenue).  Brillig will also have copies of Rhoads, The Economist’s View of the World.  Rhoads’ books Valuing Life and Incomparable Worth will be on reserve at Clemons.   



9-6     Incentives / Supply and Demand (Total Pages = 43)


a. Introduction

Rhoads The Economist’s View of the World, Preface and Chapter 1 (read

accompanying notes with each chapter).

Krugman, Paul. “How the Press Miscovers Economics,” Jobs and Capital,

Summer 1996.


b. Supply and Demand

            “London’s Big Gamble,” New York Times, 2/16/2003.

            Taylor, Jerry and Peter VanDoren.”Pricing the Fast Lane,” The Washington Post,



c. Rent Control and Affordable Housing

            Jackson, Raymond. “Rent Control and the Supply of Housing Services,” 

American Journal of Economics and Sociology, Oct., 1993, pp. 467-475.

            “Rent Control,” The Economist, 5/2/1998.

            “The Great Manhattan rip-off,” The Economist, 6/7/2003.

            Miller, Benjamin, and North. “Bankrupt Landlords: From Sea to Shining Sea,”

The Economics of Public Issues (Addison Wesley, Boston, 2003) pp. 68-


            Dadurka, David. “Board to Consider Affordable Homes,” Daily Progress,


            Glaeser, Edward and Joseph Gyourko. “The Steep Price of Zoning,” (???).


d. Minimum Wage and Living Wage

            Rhoads. The Economist’s View of the World, Chapter 6, pp 102-104 only.

            Samuelson, Robert. “Minimum Wage: Stale Symbolism.” 4/24/1996.

Miller, Benjamin, and North. “The Effects of the Minimum Wage,” The

Economics of Public Issues (Addison Wesley, Boston, 2003) pp. 82-85.

            Grimsley, Kirsten Downey. “$8.50 an Hour  – and a Helping Hand,” The

Washington Post, 3/21/1997.

            Irwin, Neil. “Living Wage Impact Seen as Minimal,” The Washington Post,


            Pare, Michael. “Study Warns of ‘Living Wage’ Impact,” Providence Business

News. 9/17/2001.




9/13 Using Resources Efficiently I (Total Pages = 122)


a. Opportunity Costs and Marginalism

            Rhoads. The Economist’s View of the World, Chapter 2.

            “When Lawyers Inhale,” The Economist, 5/22/1999.

            “Study Questions Cancer Threat from Asbestos,” The Washington Post.


            “More Highway Deaths Post- 9/11,” The Washington Post, 4/12/2004.

            Rhoads. The Economist’s View of the World, Chapter 3.


b. Governments and Markets

            Rhoads. The Economist’s View of the World,   Chapter 5.

            Will, George. “Guaranteed Collisions,” The Washington Post, 5/15/2005.

            “Hate to Wait?” The Washington Post, 10/30/2002.

            “IRS Opting Not to Go After Many Scofflaws,” The Washington Post, 3/20/2004.

            “Private Firms to Chase Delinquent Taxpayers,” The Washington Post,


            Savas, E.S. “Privatization and the New Public Management,” Fordham Urban

Law Journal, Volume 28, p 1731-1738.

            “GAO: Pentagon Wasting Tickets,” The Washington Post, 6/9/2004.

            “China Accelerates Privatization, Continuing Shift from Doctrine,” The

Washington Post, 11/12/2003.

            Samuelson, Robert. “Competition: Still the Secret of Economic Success,”


“Industrial Policy,” in Charles Schultze, Memos to the President, pp. 321.

Krugman, Paul.  “Myths and Realities of US Competitiveness,” Science,

11/8/1991, pp. 811-813 only.

            Burtress, Gary and Lawrence et.al., “Globaphobia: Confronting Fears about Open

Trade,” the Brookings Institution/Progressive Policy Institution/Twentieth

Century Fund (summary).


c. Capitalism, Competition, and Good Jobs

            Samuelson, Robert. “God is in the Details,” The Washington Post, 4/15/1998.

            Samuelson, Robert. “Saving the Welfare State from Itself,” The Washington Post, 7/6/1994. p. A-19.

            Samuelson, Robert. “The End of Europe,” The Washington Post, 6/15/2005.

            Drozdiak, William. “Germany’s Workers May Lose Perks,” The Washington

Post. 9/16/1998.

            Pearlstein, Steven. “Golden Moment Eluding Europe,” The Washington Post,


            Samuelson, Robert. “The Two Earner Myth,” The Washington Post, 1/22/1997.


d. Benefit Cost Analysis

            Rhoad. The Economist’s View of the World, Chapter 8.

            “Assessing the Risk in Contract’s Cost-Benefit Curb on Regulations,” The

Washington Post, 2/28/1995.

            Kleit, Andrew N. “CAFE Changes, By the Numbers,” Regulation, Fall 2002.       

            Nichols and Zeckhauser. “The Perils of Prudence,” Regulation, November 1986.

pp. 13-24.

            Hahn and Litan. “Putting Regulations to a Test,” The Washington Post,



9/20 Using Resources Efficiently II (Total Pages = 86)


a. Airline Deregulation

            Khan, Alfred. “Airline Deregulation” www.econlib.org.

            Balzar.  “Airline Deregulation Splutters.”

            Morrison, Steven and Clifford Winston. “A $20 Billion Misunderstanding,” The

Milkin Institute Review, pp. 20-29.

            Stelzer, Irwin. “A First Class Flight to Bankruptcy,” The Weekly Standard,

8/26/2002, pp. 17-18.

            Will, George. “Airlines’ Soothing Ill Wind,” The Washington Post, 4/20/2003.


b. Petroleum Regulation and Taxation

Blinder, Alan. “In Defense of the Oil Companies,” The Washington Post,

9/3/1990, p. A-25.

            Yergin, Daniel. “Thirty Years of Petro-Politics,” The Washington Post,


            “The Ideal Gas Tax,” The Washington Post, 11/25/2001.

            “Spike in Gasoline Prices Sparks Gouging Theories,” The Daily Progress,


            Krauthammer, Charles. “Tax and Drill,” The Washington Post, 5/21/2004.


c. Additional Regulation

            Teske, Paul. “The New Role and Politics of State Regulation,” Regulation,

Fall 2004.

“Can Regulation Sweeten the Automotive Lemon?” Regulation, Sept. 1984,  pp.


            Young, S. David. “Occupational Licensing,” Fortune Encyclopedia of Economics,

pp. 409-413.

            “Schools Brief: State and Market,” The Economist, 2/17/1996.


d. The Welfare Economic Scheme

            Rhoads. The Economist’s View of the World, Chapter 5 (reread pp. 61-67 only).

            “The Grabbing Hand,” The Economist, 2/13/1999.

            McKean, Roland. Efficiency in Government through Systems Analysis, pp. 134-


            Tullock, Gordon. Private Wants Public Means, pp.  161-167.

            Rhoads. The Economist’s View of the World, Chapter 7.

            Crittendon, Danielle. What Our Mothers Didn’t Tell Us, 1 page excerpt.

            McGrory, Mary. “Making Butter a Luxury,” The Washington Post, 2/7/1985.

            Wicker, Tom. “This Is Still One Nation,” The Washington Post, 2/13/1985.

            Peterson, Paul. “Who Should Do What?” The Brookings Review, Spring,

1005, pp. 6-11.

            “Exasperated Cities Move toe Curb or Expel the Homeless,” The

Washington Post, 10/03/2002.



9/27  Midterm AND

Environment Regulation Through the Use of Economic Incentives

(Total Pages = 60 pages)


            Rhoads. The Economist’s View of the World, Chapter 4.

            Stavins, Robert N. “Lessons from the American Experiment with Market-Based

Environmental Policies,” Market-Based Governance (Brookings

Institute Press, Washington D.C., 2002). pp 173-192.

            “Are You Being Served?” The Economist, 4/23/2005, pp. 76-78.

            Root, Brian. “Panel Approves Mountaintop Plan,” The Daily Progress, 5/20/1998.

            “Let Them Eat Pollution,” The Economist, 2/8/1992. p.66

            Burtraw, Dallas. “Call It ‘Pollution Rights,’ But It Works,” The Washington Post,


            Crandall, Robert. “Corporate Average Fuel Economy Standards,” Journal of

Economic Perspectives, Vol. 6, No. 2, Spring 1992. pp. 171-179.

            Morgan, Dan. “In Alabama, a ‘Hot Spot’ in the Debate Over Clean Air,” The

 Washington Post, 6/2/2002.

            Planin, Eric. “EPA Announces ‘Cap and Trade’ Plan to Cut Mercury Pollution,”

The Washington Post, 12/16/2003.


10/4  The Ethics and Economies of Saving Lives (Total Pages = 136)


a.  How Much Should We Spend to Save A Life?

            Rhoads, ed., Valuing Life, pp.1-8, 105-110, 147-160, 239-248, 281-324.  [Note:

Rhoads book on reserve at Clemons]

"Putting a Price on Each Life: Economics Cuts to Heart of Cholesterol Program,"

The Washington Post, 10/15/1991.

Landsburg, Steven. “Click, Clack and Cartalk: NPRs the Tappet brothers are

wrong about the societal costs of Car phones” The Washington Post,


"Ethicists Struggle to Judge the 'Value' of Life," The New York Times,


Hahn and Wallsten. “Whose Life is Worth More? (and why is it horrible to ask?)”

The Washington Post, 6/1/2003.


b.  Whose Life Should Be Saved When Not All Can Be?

Rhoads, ed., Valuing Life, pp.203-238, 248-257.

Weiss, Rick. “Report Backs Broader System for Organ Transplants” The

Washington Post, 7/21/1999.

Okie, Susan. “Surgeons Back Study of Payment for Organs,” The Washington


Harden, Blain. “Two Charged with Plot to Sell Human Organs” The Washington Post, 2/24/1998.

Daserman and Barnett, “The U.S. Organ Procurement System: A Presciption for

Reform,” AEI summary, June 2002.


10/18  Equity, Distribution of Income, and Poverty (Total Pages = 155)


a.  Equity and Distribution of Income

            Rhoads, The Economist’s View of the World, pp. 86-88.

Krugman, Paul.  “For Richer,” New York Times Magazine, 10/20/2002.

            Browning, Edgar. “Government and the Distribution of Income,” Public Finance

and the Price System, 1994, pp. 244-269.

            Nadler, Richard. “The Rise of Worker Capitalism,” Policy Analysis, 11/1/1999.

            Judge, Clark S. “’Poor’ Assumptions in the Tax Debate,” Hoover Digest, 2001,

 No. 3, pp.72-76.

            Samuelson, Robert J. “Who Will Bear the Burden?,” The Washington Post,


            Milbank, Dana and Jonathan Weisman. “Middle Class Tax Share Set to Rise,”

The Washington Post, 6/4/2003.        

            The Flat Tax Revolution,” The Economist, 4/16/2005, pg. 11.

            Stelzer, Irwin. “Death and Taxes,” The Weekly Standard, 5/9/2005, pp. 28-

29, 30.

            Lindsey, Lawrence. “Estate Planning,” The Weekly Standard, 5/30/2005, pg.


            Samuelson, Robert J. “Who Cares How Rich Bill Gates Is?,” The Washington

Post, 5/2/2001.

            Krugman, Paul. “The Sons Also Rise,” The New York Times, 11/22/2002.

Sawhill, Isabel V. “The Roots of Inequality: Review,” The Public Interest,

 Summer 2002.

Brooks, David.  “The Triumph of Hope over Self-Interest,” The New York Times,                         1/12/2003.

Ackerman, Bruce and Anne Alstott. “$80,000 and a Dream,” The Stakeholder

Society,” Second Quarter 1999.

            Plattner, Marc. “The Welfare State v. Redistributive State,” The Public Interest,

Spring 1979, pp. 28-48.

            Samuelson, Robert J. “Burdening Our Children,” The Washington Post, 7/2/2003.


b.   Welfare and Poverty

            “Does Work Pay for Welfare Recipients?,” The Urban Institute, Winter 1995.

            Danziger, Sheldon. “Does It Pay to Move From Welfare to Work?,” Abstract,

Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, Vol. 21, No. 4.

            Sawhill, Isabel. V. “The Behavioral Aspects of Poverty,” The Public Interest, Fall

2003, pp.79-93.

Mead, Lawrence M. “The Culture of Welfare Reform,” The Public Interest,

Winter 2004, pp. 99-110.

            Haveman, Robert. “When Work Alone Is Not Enough,” La Follette Policy

Report, Vol. 13, No. 2, Fall-Winter 2002-2003, pp. 1-4, 14-15

            Rector, Robert. “The Continuing Good News about Welfare Reform,”

Executive Summary, Backgrounder, 2/6/2003, No. 1620.

            Murray, Charles. “And Now for the Bad News,” The Wall Street Journal,


            Rector, Robert. “Understanding Poverty and Economic Inequality in the

United States,” Backgrounder, 9/15/2004.

            Winship, Scott and Christopher Jencks. “Understanding Welfare Reform,”

Harvard Magazine, November/December 2004, pp. 3435, 97-98.

            Jencks, Christopher and Kathryn Edin. “Do Poor Women Have A Right to Bear

Children?,” The American Prospect, Winter 1995.

            Tout, Scarpa, and Zaslow. “Children of Current and Former Welfare Recipients:

Similarly at Risk,” Abstract, Trends Child Research Brief, March 2002.

            Sawhill, Isabel V. “The Perils of Early Motherhood,” The Public Interest, Winter


Morin, Richard. “Welfare Reform Reforms Teens, Study Says” The Washington


            Mansbridge, Jane. “Welfare and Women’s Independence,” APSA.

            Eberstadt, Nicholas. “A Misleading Measure of Poverty,” The Washington Post,


            Murray, Charles. “A Stroll Through the Income Spectrum,” The American

Enterprise, July/August 1996.

            Weicher, John C. “Redefining Poverty – A Costly Luxury,” Hudson Policy

Bulletin, May 1995, pp. 3-4.

            Skerry, Peter. “How Immigration Re-Slices the American Pie,” The Washington

Post, 10/28/1999.

            Rhoads, The Economist’s View of the World, pp. 104-112. (Read 86-8 above


            “Myth v. Fact About Work Requirements,” Welfare Watch / Heritage Foundation,


            “A Healthy Dose of Welfare Reform,” The Washington Post, 10/26/2003.

            DiIulio, John J. “Bring Back Shotgun Weddings,” The Weekly Standard,

10/21/1996. pp. 15-17.

            Steinberg, Paul J. “Faith-Based Successes,” The Washington Post, 1/28/2001.

            Milloy, Courtland. “To Have and to Uphold Black Marriages,” The Washington  

                      Post, 3/24/04.                                                  

            Goodman, Ellen. “Using the Poor as Fodder in the Mommy Wars,” The Daily

Progress, 5/24/2002.

            Holcombe, Betty. “Montana Women Score Victory on Valuing Caregiving.”



10/25 Equity Between the Sexes: Occupational Segregation and Comparable    Worth (Total Pages = 160)


a.  Introduction

Steven Rhoads. Incomparable Worth: Pay Equity Meets the Market, chs. 1,2,3

(pp. 44-51 and 56-79 only),4,8[THIS VOLUME IS ON RESERVE AT CLEMONS]

Sorenson, Elaine. “Comparable Worth Policies Can Be Effective,” Work:

Opposing Viewpoints, (Greenhaven, 1995), pp. 186-193.


b.  A Biological Dimension?

Dabbs, James M. “Testosterone and Occupational Achievement,” Social Forces

30(3), March 1992, pp. 813 only.

Purifoy, Frances E. and Lambert H. Koopmans. “Andostenedione, Testosterone,

and Free Testosterone Concentration in Women of Various Occupations,” Social Biology 26(3), Fall 1979, p. 179 only.

Kingsley Browne vs. Rosalind Arden. “Sex at Work,” Prospect, Oct. 1998, pp.



11/1  What Obligations Do We Have with Regard to Nature and Natural Resources?

(Total Pages = 92)


a. Obligations Toward other Animals (and Plants)

            Baxter, William. People or Penguins. pp. 1-13.

            Ehrenfeld, David. “The Conservation of Non-Resources,” American Scientist,

Vol. 64, pp. 648-656.

            Excerpts from Abraham Lincoln, Oct. 854 speech at Peoria, Illinois on the

Missouri Compromise, in Abraham Lincoln: his Speeches and Writings,

ed. Roy Basler (University Library, edition 1962), pp. 301-304.

            Simon, Julian and Aaron Wildavsky. “Species Loss Revisited,” Society,

Nov./Dec. 1992, pp. 41-46.

            Testimony of Dr. T. Eisner, before Senate Subcommittee on Environmental

Protection, April 10, 1992, pp. 9-12.

            “Yellowstone: A Goldmine of Microbes,” The Washington Post. 6/12/1998.

            Smith, Robert. “The Endangered Species Act: Saving Species or Stopping

Growth,” Regulation, Winter 1992, pp 83-87.

            Barro, Robert. Getting It Right “How Much is an Endangered Species Worth?”

pp. 119-123.

Kaufman, Marc. “Alter Genes, Risk an Ecosystem,” The Washington Post,


            Gelernter, David. “In Rats We Trust,” The Washington Post, 11/17/1996.

            Letter to the Editor on Gelernter, The Washington Post, 11/21/1996.

            Thomas, Elizabeth Marshall. Review of Ted Kerasote, Blood Ties: Nature,

Culture, and the Hunt.  Los Angeles Times, 8/22/1993.

            Biskupic, Joan and Joby Warrik, “Court Rules Landowners Can Use Endangered

Species Act to Fight Protections,” The Washington Post, 3/20/ 1997.

            “Endangered Squirrel has Astronomers, Biologists at Odds,” The Washington

Post, 3/8/1990.

            “U.S. May Expand Access to Endangered Species,” The Washington Post,


            “Legislators Working to Reshape Endangered Species Act,” The Washington

Post, 5/20/2005.

            “Ritual Slaughters Spark Debate,” The Washington Post, 12/27/1985.


b. Resource Scarcity and Future Generations

            Tierney, John. “Betting the Planet,” New York Times, 12/2/1990.

            “When the Boomster Slams the Doomster,” Wall Street Journal, 6/5/1995.

            Eberstadt, Nicholas. “We’ve Lots of Room for People,” The American Enterprise,

Dec. 2000, pp. 48-49.

            Hayward, Steven F. “A sensible Environmentalism,” Public Interest, No. 151,

Spring 2003, pp. 62-74.

            Lomborg, Bjorn. “The Truth About the Environment,” The Economist, 8/4/2001,

pp. 63-65.

            Glassman, James K. “Green with Rage,” The Weekly Standard, 2/25/2002,  pp.


            “Scientific American v. Lomborg” (portions on energy and population) 2002.


11/8 Education Reform / Vouchers  (Total Pages = 121)


a. Education Reform


Dobbs, Michael. “In a Global Test of Math Skills, U.S. Students Behind the

Curve,” Washington Post, 12/7/2004.

Jordan, Mary. “Group Challenges Increase in Public School Spending,” The

Washington Post, 9/10/1993.

Sanchez, Rene. “Teens Tell Researchers High School is Too Easy” The

Washington Post, 2/11/1997.

Bracy, Gerald. “U.S. Students: Better Than Ever” The Washington Post,


De Vise, Daniel. “Enrollment in Advanced Courses Surging at High

Schools,” The Washington Post, 12/12/2004.

Matthews, Jay. “See? If Pushed, Kids Deliver,” The Washington Post,

12/5/04, graph.

Saunders, Debra. “Those Who Can’t Sue,” The Weekly Standard, 3/4/1996, pp.


Miller, Matthew. “A New Deal for Teachers,” The Atlantic Monthly, July/August


“Cutting Class Size is Popular, but Consequences are Debatable,” The Daily

Progress, 1999.

Argetsinger, Amy. “Beating Poverty in the Classroom,” The Washington Post,


Rothstein, Richard. “Social Class Leaves Its Imprint,” Review, Education Week,


Samuelson, Robert J. “Grade Power,” The Washington Post, 1997.

Dobbs, Michael. “Big Schools Reborn in Small World,” The Washington Post,


Ravitch, Diane. “Why We’ll Mend It, Not End It,” The Wall Street Journal, 4/25/05.

Berube, Clair T. “Are Standards Preventing Good Teaching,” The Clearing House 77:6,

July/August 2004, pp. 264-267.

Wheelock, Anne and George Madaus (and Paul Reville response). “Pass Rates Versus Graduation Rates,” Phi Delta Kappan, 86:2, October 2004, pg. 176.

Hirsch, E.D. “Mental Fight: A Prescription for K-12,” Academic Questions, Winter

2004-05, pp. 66-68.    


b.  Different Schools – Choice, Vouchers, Charters, For-Profit


Peterson, Paul. “Choice in American Education,” A Primer on America’s Schools,

pp. 249-283.

Chubb, John and Terry Moe. “America’s Public Schools: Choice is a Panacea,” in

J. Hird, ed., Controversies in American Public Policy, 1995, pp. 7-19.

Schrag, Peter. “The Great School Selloff,” in J. Hird, ed., Controversies in

American Public Policy, 1995, pp. 20-31.

Barro, Robert. Getting it Right.  pp. 133-137.

“Education’s Brave New World,” Excerpts from remarks by Bob Chase, President,

National Education Association to Town Hall in Los Angeles, 2/18/1999.

Coleman, James. “Choice, Community, and Future Schools,” in Witte and Clune,

Choice and Control in American Education, pp. ix-xxii.

McCluskey, Neal. “Corruption in the Public Schools,” Executive Summary, Cato

Institute Policy Analysis, 4/20/2005. 

Finn, Chester. “Sound and Unsound Options for Reform,” Academic Questions, Winter

2004-05, pp. 79-86.

Hess, Frederick. “Work Ahead” Education Next, Winter 2001.

Salisbury, David. “What Does a Voucher Buy?” Review, Policy Analysis, 8/28/2003, No.

486, abstract only.

Chubb, John. “The Private Can Be Public,” Education Next, Spring 2001

Gorman, Linda. “Does School Choice Improve School Quality?” NBER Digest, 1/04.

“Do Charter Schools Work?” American Enterprise Indicators, 6/2005.

Matthews, Jay. “Are Charter Schools Any Good?” Washington Post, 10/28/04.

“Charter Schools Through an Economist’s Lens: Top Ten Economic-Based

Research Studies,” Center for Education Reform, 4/25/05,


Petrilli, Michael. “Charters as Role Models,” Education Next, Summer 2005.

Sizer, Theodore. “Don’t Tie Us Down,” Education Next, Summer 2005.

“Charter Sabotage,” Washington Post, 5/4/05.


11/15  Using Economic Standards as a Normative Standard for Objectives

 (Total Pages = 65)


a.  Higher Education

            “Hill Might Cut Student Aid Through Lenders,” Congressional Quarterly on 1985

Reagan higher educational proposals, 2/23/1985. pp. 349-351.

            Goodman, Ellen. “Student Debt Burden Should Be Eased,” The Washington Post,


            Samuelson, Robert. “Tighten Up College Aid,” The Washington Post, 2/27/1985

            Sears, David. “Student Aid Cut Backs,” The Washington Post, 5/21/1985.

            Ramsay, Clay. “College Loan Cuts,” The Washington Post, 4/12/1985.

            Bowen, William. “A Lifetime Difference,” Princeton Alumni Weekly, 4/10/1985,

pp. 32-33.

            Walden, Mike. “You Decide: Who Should Pay College Tuition?” 2/13/2002.

            Browning, Edgar and Jacqueline. “Subsidies to Higher Education,” Public

Finance and the Price System, 1994, pp. 160-173.

            Sanders, Jon. “Does Spending on Higher Education Drive Economic Growth?,”

Policy Report, 5/12/2003, No. 181.

            Barnes, Fred. “Want to Be a Millionaire,” The Weekly Standard, 6/19/2000.

            Glassman, J. “Why Student Loans Are Unfair,” The Washington Post, 5/30/1995.

            “Rules of the Student Loan Game,” Letters from Moeller, Huff, and Couser, The

Washington Post.

            Kosters, Marvin. “Introduction,” Financing College Tuition, 1999.

            Leef, George C. “The Black Hole of Higher Education,” Freedom Daily, August



b.  Libraries

            Banfield, Edward. “Some Alternatives for the Public Library,” in Banfied, ed.,

Urban Government, 1969 ed.

            Levy, Frank, Arnold Meltsner, and Aaron Wildavsky. Urban Outcomes, pp. 167-

172 and 195-212.

            “Making Libraries Relevant,” The Public Interest, Fall 1979, pp. 122-124.  

            Bauer, Patricia. “Some Video at the Library Filed Under R,” The Washington

Post, 5/1/1983.

            Lipton, Eric. “Library, Patrons on Different Channels,” The Washington Post,



c.  Urban Renewal

            Davis, Otto and Andrew Whinston, “The Economics of Urban Renewal,” in

Kenneth Elzinga, ed., Economics: A Reader (3rd ed.), Ch. 25. pp. 103-108.


11/22  Critiques of Microeconomics as  Policy Science – Part A ( pages under 100 but will take some thought)


a.  A Critique from the Left

            Lindblom, Charles. “The Market As Prison,” Journal of Politics, 1982.


b. Critiques of Economics, Consumer Sovereignty, and Relativism

            “How Do You Mean, Fair,” The Economist, 1993.

            Schawrtz, Barry. “The Tyranny of Choice,” The Chronicle of Higher Education,


            Rhoads. The Economist’s View of the World, Chapter 9.

            Bloom, Allan. “The Closing of the American Mind,” pp. 25-43.


c.  The Mentally Ill

            Butterfield, Fox. “Study Finds Hundreds of Thousands of Inmates Mentally Ill,”

The New York Times, 10/22/2003.

            Satel, Sally. “Treating Insanity Reasonably,” Winter 1995.

            Holman, Virginia. “My Mother Wasn’t Dangerous Enough,” The Washington

Post, 3/24/2002.

            Dart, Justin and others. “Psychiatric Survivors at Mental health Conference

Appeal for Justice,” 1999.


11/29  Critiques of Microeconomics as a Policy Science – Part B

 (Total Pages = 170)


            Frank, Robert H.  Luxury Fever, (Princeton University Press, New York, 1999),

pp. 1-13, 20-28, 36-55, 68-83, 90-102, 107-115, 121-124, 128-137,

146-154, 159-172, 187-199, 211-231, 251-254, 259-265, 270-

273, 276-279. (Total Pages – appx. 155)

            Brooks, David. “The New Red-Diaper Babies,” The New York Times, 12/7/04.

            Presssman, Steven. “Luxury Fever (Review),” Review of Social Economy,  

Sept. 2000, v58 i3, p407.

            Kniesner, Thomas J. “Luxury Fever (Review),” National Tax Journal, June 2001,

v54 i2, p425.

            Landsburg, Steven E. “Everything is Coming Up Roses, Isn’t It?,” Independent

Review, Fall 1999, v4 i2, p283.

            Bioscience Review, March 2000.


12/6  Critiques of Microeconomics as  Policy Science – Part C (pages—not too long)


a.  Pornography, Violence, and TV

            Rhoads. The Economist’s View of the World, ch. 10.

            Brownmiller, Susan. Against Our Will (1975), pp 392-396.

            “Sex is Their Business,” The Economist, 10/19/2004.

            Lehmen, Daniel. “Violent Films Impact Decried,” The Daily Progress, 7/18/1986.

            Lesser, Wendy. “Review of Clover, Men, Women, and Chain Saws,” The

Washington Post, 5/10/1992.

            Suplee, Curt. “Serial Killers: Frighteningly Close to Normal,” The Washington


            Duggan, Lisa. “The Dubious Porn War Alliance,’ The Washington Post,


            Ad for Bali Bra.

            Allen, Charlotte. “Penthouse Pest: Why Porn Crusader MacKinnon is Right,” The

Washington Post, 11/28/1993.

            “Any Way You Serve it, it’s Sleaze,” The Washington Post, 7/11/1992.

            Prager, Dennis. “Divinity and Pornography,” The Weekly Standard, 6/14/1999.

            Centerwall, Brandon. “Television and Violent Crime,” The Public Interest, Spring

1993, pp 56-71.

Vedantam, Shankar. “Study Links TV Viewing, Aggression,” The Washington

Post, 3/29/2002.

            Medved, M. “The New Sound of Music,” The Public Interest, Fall 1992, pp 40-


            Rossiter, C. “My Wicked Songs,” The Washington Post, 7/12/1992, p. C-5.

            “Operation Time Warner,” The American Enterprise, July 1995.

            “And Sex in Latin America,” The Washington Post editorial, 7/27/1986.

            Britt, Donna. “Sex, Courtship, and the Hopes of Today,” The Washington Post,


            Crittendon, Danielle. What Our Mothers Didn’t Tell Us. Excerpt.


b. The Lottery and Gambling

            Johns, Edward. “The Lure of the Lottery,” The Daily Progress, 5/28/1989.

            “Lotteries Win Players with Slick Marketing,” The Washington Post, 5/4/1998.

            “When Government Promotes Gambling,” The Washington Post, 5/30/1998.


c. Religion

            Stepp, Laura Sessions. “An Inspired Strategy: Is Religion a Tonic for Kids,” The

Washington Post, 3/21/2004.

            Staff writers, “Marital Stability Linked to Church Attendance,” The Daily

Progress, 11/4/1983.

            Coleman, James. “Community Key to School Success,” The Wall Street Journal,


            “Virtue by Association,” The Family in America: New Research (1998).

            “Gender Roles and Social Capital,” The Family in America: New Research, May


            Himmelfarb, Gertrude. “Can Lost Morality be Restored in Modern Societies:

Lesson from the Victorian England,” American Enterprise, Nov. 1995.

            Editorial, “Religious Clubs in Public Schools? Yes.” The Washington Post,


            Editorial, “Religious Meetings in Schools,” The Washington Post, 6/6/1990.

            McConnell, Michael. “Freedom of Religion v. Freedom from Religion,”

American Enterprise Institute Newsletter, Dec. 1992.

            Kinsley, Michael. “What Bias Against Religion?” The Washington Post,



d. Conclusion

             Rhoads, The Economist’s View of the World, Ch. 12