School of Engineering and Applied Science
MAE 210
Thermodynamics  Summer 2005
Catalog
Description:
MAE 210  Thermodynamics (3 cr.). Prerequisite: APMA 110
Includes the formulation of the first and second laws of thermodynamics; energy conservation; concepts of equilibrium, temperature, energy, and entropy; equations of state; processes involving energy transfer as work and heat; reversibility and irreversibility; closed and open systems; cyclic processes. Crosslisted as ChE 202.
Objectives:
a. To gain a firm understanding of the basic concepts, principles and terminology of classical macroscopic thermodynamics, with emphasis on the first and second laws.
b. To develop an understanding of thermodynamic properties of matter and a facility for using sources of property data (tables, graphs, algebraic equations of state, computerized tables).
c. To gain experience in applying firstlaw principles and property data to the analysis of the operation of energy conversion systems such as heat exchangers, pumps, compressors, engines, and to gain an appreciation for the significance of measures of efficiency.
d. To develop a working appreciation of the secondlaw concepts of equilibrium, reversibility, entropy generation, and entropy transfer.
e. To apply accumulated skills to the analysis of the operation of energy conversion devices which operate in a cyclic manner, such as vaporcycle and gascycle power systems and refrigeration (heat pump) systems, and to gain some appreciation for the factors which influence the design of such systems.
Mechanical and Aerospace Program Objectives:
Textbook:
Fundamentals of
Engineering Thermodynamics, 5^{th} Ed., Michael J. Moran
and Howard N. Shapiro, Wiley (2004). (NOTE: This is the same book as used for
Thermo I during the regular academic yearbook and for Thermo II as well.)
Instructor:
R.J. Ribando Office: 310 MEC
Phone: (434) 9246289 (office)
Phone: (434) 9738010 (home)
email: rjr@virginia.edu
Fax: (434) 9822037
Meeting Times:
MTWRF
130015:15, June 14 – July 8.
Final Exam: July 11
Topics:
1. Introduction: Systems, properties, units of mass and energy; temperature scales, specific volume, problem solving methodologies.
2. First Law of Thermodynamics: Mechanical concepts of energy, energy conservation, closed systems, energy transfer by heat, energy analysis of cycles.
3. Properties of Pure Compressible Substances: The state principle, PVT relations, thermodynamic property data, the ideal gas.
4. Control Volume Energy Analysis: Conservation of mass for the control volume, conservation of energy for the control volume, steadystate analysis, transient analysis.
5. Second Law of Thermodynamics: Statements of the second law, irreversible and reversible processes, applications to cycles, the Kelvin temperature scale, Carnot cycle.
6. Entropy: Clasius inequality, definition of entropy change, entropy for a closed system, entropy for a control volume, isentropic processes, efficiencies of turbines, pumps, nozzles and compressors.
7. Gas and Vapor Power Systems: Carnot and Brayton airstandard cycles, cycle efficiency, isentropic efficiency, Rankine vapor power cycle.
8. Gas Mixtures: Gasvapor mixtures, wet and dry bulb temperatures.
Homework:
Homework will be assigned on a regular basis and is due at the beginning of the class period. Homework is to be prepared on 8.5" by 11" paper submitted unfolded. Problems solutions should make use of system diagrams and appropriate graphs whenever possible. Data obtained from tables, charts, or other references (e.g., the CATT2 software on the classroom computers) should be noted as to the source, e.g., "Table ____, pg. ___". Late homework will not be accepted except in the event of illness or excused absence.
Homework is unpledged and will be graded on the basis of whether the problems were seriously attempted. While some collaboration and discussion may be useful and educational, particularly when it comes to fundamental principles, students are urged to implement their solutions independently rather than in cooperation with others. You are welcome to call, visit or email me for help during the day. In the spirit of "professional ethics," help received from others should be acknowledged in writing. Simply copying another person's analysis on any problem is unethical and unacceptable.
Please note that thermodynamics is a challenging subject requiring consistent and in depth study. Consequently, you must attend every class and make a good effort to do the homework. There will be an occasional unannounced quiz to encourage you to do so.
The room in which we meet (MEC 216) has a computer for each student and we will use them periodically throughout the course. During class these computers are to be used only for course purposes  and then only when you are instructed to do so. This especially means no emailing, netsurfing, working on other courses, etc. The penalty for inappropriate use of the computers is the same as for habitual tardiness or absence. (You may use them for checking email, etc., if you arrive early for class.) Please turn off cell phones.
Quizzes:
The dates for scheduled quizzes
and the final are given below. Generally
we will spend at least part of every Friday class on a quiz. These quizzes will consist of 23
problems. You should bring the textbook
with you to class every day since we will often work problems out of there,
including some nominally assigned as homework.
Grading:
The final grade will be computed
on the basis of the following distribution of emphasis:
Homework 15%, Quizzes 55%,
Final Exam 25%, Attendance 5%
This section is being redone!
Date/Day 
Class 
Sections 
Topic 
Homework 
6/14 Tu 
1 
1.1 – 1.5 
Systems, Measurements, Pressure 

6/15 W 
2 
1.6 – 1.7 
Temperature 
1.1, 1.9, 1.14, 1.25 
6/16 Th 
3 
2.1  2.4 
Energy, Work,
Heat Transfer 
1.30, 1.36, 1.48 
6/17 F 
4 
2.5, 2.6 
Energy Balances 
2.12, 2.23 (in
class), 2.28, 2.32 





6/20 M 
5 
3.1, 3.2 
States of Matter 
2.46, 2.50, 2.63, 2.71, 2.74, 2.84 
6/21 T 
6 
3.3 
Properties 
3.7, 3.21, 3.34, 3.58 
6/22 W 
7 
3.4 – 3.9 
Generalized
Comp. Ideal Gas, Other Properties 
3.71, 3.81, Quiz 
6/23 Th 
8 
4.1, 4.2 
Cons. Of Mass,
Energy 
Last Problem of Quiz 
6/24 F 
9 
4.3, 4.4 
Steadyflow,
Transient 
4.13, 4.22, 4.34, 4.47 





6/27 M 
10 
5.1 – 5.4 
2^{nd}
Law Intro, Irrev. Processes 
4.88, 4.96 
6/28 T 
11 
5.5, 5.6 
Carnot Cycle 
5.2, 5.5, 5.8, 5.21, 5.25 
6/29 W 
12 
6.1 – 6.3 
Entropy Concept, Property 
Quiz 
6/30 Th 
13 
6.4 – 6.6 
Entropy Analysis 
Last Problem of Quiz 
7/1 F 
14 
6.7 6.9 
Entropy Control Volume Analysis 
6.3, 6.23, 6.40, 6.56, 6.72 





7/4 M 
Break 
Break 
Independence Day 
Independence Day 
7/5 T 
15 
8.1 – 8.5 
Rankine Cycle 
Finish Carnot Heat Pump 
7/6 W 
16 
9.1  9.4 
Otto Cycle,
Diesel Cycle 
Quiz, 8.2, 8.24 
7/7 Th 
17 
9.5–9.6,
9.99.10 
Brayton Cycle 
Last problem of quiz 
7/8 F 
18 
10.1  10.3 
Vapor
Refrigeration Cycles 
9.40, 9.49 





7/11 M 
Exam 
Exam 
Exam 
Exam 
syl210 7/05/2005