The area that is now Charlottesville, VA, was originally settled in 1737. The city itself was founded in 1762, and is the county seat of Albemarle County, Virginia. The 1990 U.S. Census listed the population of the City as 40,512 and the Charlottesville Standard Metropolitan Statistical Area (SMSA) population as 131,373. The city is the location of Monticello, the home of Thomas Jefferson, third President of the United States; Ash Lawn-Highlands, the home of James Monroe, fifth President of the United States; and the site of the University of Virginia, established in 1819 by Thomas Jefferson. In neighboring Orange, VA, is the home of James Madison, 4th President of the United States, and author of the Federalist Papers.