John Burgoyne

John Burgoyne (1722-1792), British general in the American Revolution, helped plan the Saratoga Campaign, but American militia men defeated his poorly equipped, undisciplined army at Saratoga on October 17, 1777. After his surrender his "Convention Army," consisting mostly of mercenaries from Hesse, Hanover and Brunswick, was marched south under great hardship and kept imprisoned in Charlottesville, Virginia and elsewhere until the end of the Revolutionary war.

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Last Modified: Thursday, 5-Nov-98
© Jean L. Cooper and Angelika S. Powell