Y2K Bibliography of Experimental Economics and Social Science
Methodology

updated December 29, 1999
Charles A. Holt, cah2k@virginia.edu, suggestions and corrections welcome
(for online and personal use only)



Alpert, Bernard (1967) “Non-Businessmen as Surrogates for Businessmen in Behavioral Experiments,” The Journal of Business, 40203-207. Keywords: experiments, methodology.

Anderhub, Vital, Rudolf Müller, and Carsten Schmidt (1998) “Design and First Evaluation of an Economic Experiment on the Internet,” Humboldt University, Discussion Paper, presented at the Summer 1998 ESA Meeting. Keywords: experiments, methodology, software, internet, methodology. Abstract: This paper discusses the problems and advantages of conducting economics research experiments on the internet. Email Contact: anderhub@wiwi.hu-berlin.de

Ball, Sheryl B., and Paula A. Cech (1991) “The What, When, and Why of Picking a Subject Pool,” Virginia Polytechnic University, Discussion Paper. Keywords: experiments, methodology, subject pool effects. Email Contact: sball@vt.edu

Beckman, Steven R. (1998) “Econometrics of Replicated Orthogonal Designs,” University of Colorado at Denver, Discussion Paper, presented at the Fall 1998 ESA Meeting. Keywords: experiments, methodology, econometrics. Email Contact: sbeckman@castle.cudenver.edu

Binmore, Kenneth (1987) “Experimental Economics,” European Economic Review, 31:1/2 (February/March), 257-264. Keywords: experiments, methodology, survey. Email Contact: k.binmore@ucl.ac.uk

Binmore, Kenneth (1999) “Why Experiment in Economics?,” Economic Journal, 109:453 (February), F16-24. Keywords: experiments, methodology. Email Contact: k.binmore@ucl.ac.uk

Blume, Andreas, D. V. DeJong, G. R. Neumann, and N. E. Savin (1999) “Inferring Learning Rules from Experimental Game Data,” University of Iowa, Discussion Paper, presented at the Summer 1999 ESA Meeting. Keywords: experiments, methodology, econometrics, belief learning, reinforcement learning, Monte Carlo study. Abstract: The paper reports simulations of behavior using either reinforcement or ficticious play learning rules. When the wrong model is used to obtain parameter estimates, the fit is typically quite good, even for medium-sized samples, and tests of non-nested models may provide an incorrect conclusion about which model generated the data. Results are better for tests based on general formulations that include both learning rules as special cases. Email Contact: ablume@blue.weeg.uiowa.edu

Blumenschein, K. (1997) “Hypothetical versus Real Payments in Vickrey Auctions,” Economics Letters, 56:2 (October), 177-180. Keywords: experiments, methodology, auctions, incentive effects.

Bolle, Friedel (1990) “High Reward Experiments without High Expenditure for the Experimenter?,” Journal of Economic Psychology, 11:2 (June), 157-167. Keywords: experiments, methodology, incentives. Email Contact: bolle@euv-frankfurt-o.de

Bonetti, S. (1998) “Experimental Economics and Deception,” Journal of Economic Psychology, 19:3 (June), 411-14. Keywords: experiments, methodology, deception, psychology.

Bonetti, S. (1998) “Experimental Economics and Deception: Response,” Journal of Economic Psychology, 19:3 (June), 411-414. Keywords: experiments, methodology, deception. Abstract: experiments, methodology, deception

Bottom, William P., Cheryl L. Eavey, and Gary J.* Miller (1995) “ACPE: A Computerized System for Running Small Group Decision Making Experiments,” Behavioral Research Methods, Instruments, and Computers, 27(September), 317-321. Keywords: experiments, methodology, computerized experiments, software. Email Contact: eavey@nsf.gov

Box, George E. P., William G. Hunter, and J. Stuart Hunter (1978)Statistics for Experimenters, New York: John Wiley. Keywords: experiments, methodology, statistics.

Brislin, Richard, W. (1970) “Back-Translation for Cross-Cultural Research,” Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 1(September), 185-216. Keywords: experiments, methodology, back translation, cross-cultural research.

Brookshire, David S., Don L. Coursey, and William D. Schulze (1987) “The External Validity of Experimental Economics Techniques: Analysis of Demand Behavior,” Economic Inquiry, 25:2 (April), 239-250. Keywords: experiments, methodology, decisions, demand behavior, external validity. Email Contact: brookshi@unm.edu

Burns, Penny (1985) “Experience and Decision Making: A Comparison of Students and Businessmen in a Simulated Progressive Auction,” in Research in Experimental Economics, Volume 3, edited by V.L. Smith, Greenwich, Conn.: JAI Press, 139-157. Keywords: experiments, methodology, subject pool effects, auctions. Email

Butler, D. J., and John D. Hey (1987) “Experimental Economics: An Introduction,” Empirical Economics, 14:2 157-186. Keywords: experiments, methodology, survey.

Butler, D. (1996) “The 'Experimental Economics' Experiment,” Journal of Economic Surveys, 10:3 (September), 347-356. Keywords: experiments, methodology, survey.

Castro, Barry, and Kenneth Weingarten (1970) “Toward Experimental Economics,” Journal of Political Economy, 78:3 (May-June), 598-607. Keywords: experiments, methodology**.

Clarkson, G. P. E., and Herbert A. Simon (1960) “Simulation of Group Behavior,” American Economic Review, (December), 50. Keywords: experiments, methodology, simulation.

Conover, W. J. (1980) Practical Nonparametric Statistics, New York: John Wiley. Keywords: experiments, methodology, statistics, nonparametric statistics.

Cox, James C., and Ronald L. Oaxaca (1995) “Inducing Risk-Neutral Preferences: Further Analysis of the Data,” Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, 11:1 (July), 65-79. Keywords: experiments, methodology, auctions, binary lottery method, risk aversion. Email Contact: jcox@bpa.arizona.edu

Cox, James C., and Ronald L. Oaxaca (1999) “Can Supply and Demand Parameters be Recovered from Data Generated by Market Institutions?,” Journal of Business and Economic Statistics, 17(July), ***. Keywords: experiments, methodology, statistics, econometric estimation. Email Contact: jcox@bpa.arizona.edu

Davis, Douglas D., and Charles A. Holt (1993) “Experimental Economics: Methods, Problems, and Promise,” Estudios Economicos, 8:2 (July-December), 179-212. Keywords: experiments, methodology, survey. Abstract: This is a survey of experimental methods in economics, covering decision making, games, and market experiments. Email Contact: ddavis@busnet.bus.vcu.edu

Davis, Douglas, and Charles A. Holt (1994) “Experimental Economics: Methods, Problems and Promise,” Estudios Economicos, 8179-212. Keywords: experiments, methodology, markets, game theory, decisions, survey. Email Contact: cah2k@virginia.edu

DeJong, Douglas V., Robert Forsythe, and Wilfred C. Uecker (1985) “The Methodology of Laboratory Markets and Its Implications for Agency Research in Accounting and Auditing,” Journal of Accounting Research, 23(Autumn), 753-793. Keywords: experiments, methodology, markets, accounting, principal agent. Email Contact: dejong@blue.weeg.uiowa.edu

DeJong, Douglas V., Robert Forsythe, and Wilfred C. Uecker (1988) “A Note on the Use of Businessmen as Subjects
in Sealed Offer Markets,” Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 9:1 (January), 87-100. Keywords: experiments, methodology, subject pool effects, markets, auctions. Email Contact: dejong@blue.weeg.uiowa.edu

Duffy, John, and James Warnick (1998) “Using Symbolic Regression to Infer Strategies from Experimental Data,” University of Pittsburgh, Discussion Paper, presented at the Summer 1998 ESA Meeting. Keywords: experiments, methodology, symbolic regression, genetic algorithms, strategies. Abstract: Symbolic regression uses genetic algorithms to produce and "breed" computer decision rules that fit observed data patterns well. The resulting programs may provide insight into subjects' strategies that are not constrained by initial econometric specifications. Applications to standard games are discussed. Email Contact: jduffy+@pitt.edu

Eckel, Catherine C., and Philip J. Grossman (1999) “Differences in the Economic Decisions of Men and Women: Experimental Evidence,” in Handbook of Experimental Economics Results, edited by C. R. Plott and V. L. Smith, New York: Elsevier, forthcoming. Keywords: experiments, methodology, subject pool effects, gender effects, survey. Email Contact: eckelc@vt.edu

Eckel, Catherine C. (1999) “Comment on `The Effects of Financial Incentives in Experiments: A Review and Capital-Labor Production Framework' by Camerer and Hogarth,” Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, 19:1-3 47-48. Keywords: experiments, methodology, incentive effects. Email Contact: eckelc@vt.edu

Eckel, Catherine C., and Philip J. Grossman (1999) “Volunteers and Pseudo-Volunteers: The Effect of Recruitment Method on Subjects' Behavior in Experiments,” Virginia Tech, Discussion Paper. Keywords: experiments, methodology, recruitment. Email Contact: eckelc@vt.edu

El-Gamal, Mahmoud A., and Thomas R. Palfrey (1996) “Economical Experiments: Bayesian Efficient Experimental Design,” International Journal of Game Theory, 25:4 495-517. Keywords: experiments, methodology, experimental design, statistics. Email Contact: trp@hss.caltech.edu

Fischbacher, Urs (1998) “Z-Tree: A Tool for Readymade Economic Experiment,” University of Zurich, Discussion Paper, presented at the Summer 1998 ESA Meetings. Keywords: experiments, methodology, software. Abstract: The paper describes a new package of software routines and modules that can be used by novice programmers to contruct computerized laboratory experiments. Examples include double auctions, bargaining and public goods games. Email Contact: fiba@iew.unizh.ch

Frank, Robert H., Thomas Gilovich, and Dennis T. Regan (1993) “Does Studying Economics Inhibit Cooperation?,” Journal of Economic Perspectives, 7159-171. Keywords: experiments, methodology, subject pool effects, public, voluntary contributions.

Frank, Björn (1998) “Good News for Experimenters: Subjects Do Not Care about Your Welfare,” Economics Letters, 61:2 (November), 171-174. Keywords: experiments, methodology, incentives. Abstract: The two ultimatum game treatments differ in terms of whether or not the pie being divided (a set of stamps) is destroyed in the event of rejection. Rejection rates are no higher when the pie reverts to the experimenter in the event of rejection, which indicates that subjects do not care about the experimenter's welfare in this context. Email Contact: frank520f@aol.com

Friedman, Daniel (1985) “Experimental Economics: Comment,” American Economic Review, 75:1 (March), 264.
Keywords: experiments, methodology. Email Contact: dan@cats.ucsc.edu

Friedman, Daniel, and Shyam Sunder (1994) Experimental Methods, Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press. Keywords: experiments, methodology, general, survey. Abstract: This book surveys the field of experimental economics, with special emphasis on issues of methodology. Email Contact: dan@cats.ucsc.edu

Frohlich, Norman, and Joe A. Oppenheimer (1998) “Some Consequences of E-mail vs. Face-to-Face Communication in
Experiment,” Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 35:3 (April), 389-403. Keywords: experiments, methodology, communication, e-mail. Email Contact: frohlic@antares.cc.umanitoba.ca

Frohlich, Norman, and Joe Oppenheimer (1998) “Some Consequences of E-mail Vs. Face to Face Communication in Experiment,” Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 35:3 389-403. Keywords: experiments, methodology, communication, e-mail. Abstract: Differences between e-mail and face-to-face communication are observed in experiments, and the differences depend on context and complexity factors.

Fudenberg, Drew, and David K. Levine (1997) “Measuring Players' Losses in Experimental Games,” Quarterly Journal of Economics, 112(May), 508-536. Keywords: experiments, methodology, games. Email Contact: fudenber@husc.harvard.edu

Gneezy, Uri, and Aldo Rustichini (1999) “Pay Enough or Don't Pay at All,” CentER Discussion Paper. Keywords: experiments, methodology, incentives. Email Contact: gneezy@econ.haifa.ac.il

Güth, Werner, K.-E. Warneryd, and S. E. G. Lea (1992) “Economic Psychology and Experimental Economics: Editorial,” Journal of Economic Psychology, 13:2 (June), 199-201. Keywords: experiments, methodology, psychology. Email Contact: gueth@wiwi.hu-berlin.de

Ham, John, John H. Kagel, and Steven Lehrer (1999) “Randomized Instruments, Endogeneity, and Laboratory Experiments,” University of Pittsburgh, Discussion Paper, presented at the Spring 1999 Public Choice Meetings. Keywords: experiments, methodology.

Harrison, Glenn W. (1990) “The Payoff Dominance Critique of Experimental Economics,” University of South Carolina, Department of Economics, Discussion Paper. Keywords: experiments, methodology, incentives, payoff dominance. Email Contact: harrison@darla.badm.sc.edu

Heiner, Ronald A. (1985) “Experimental Economics: Comment,” American Economic Review, 75:1 (March), 260-263. Keywords: experiments, methodology.

Hey, John D. (1997) “Experiments and the Economics of Individual Decision Making,” in Advances in Economics and Econometrics, edited by David M. Kreps and Kenneth F. Wallis, Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press, 171-205. Keywords: experiments, methodology, decisions, games, markets. Email Contact: jdh1@york.ac.uk

Hey, John D. (1998) “Experimental Economics and Deception: A Comment,” Journal of Economic Psychology, 19:3 (June), 397-401. Keywords: experiments, methodology, deception. Email Contact: jdh1@york.ac.uk

Hey, John D. (1998) “An Application of Selten's Measure of Predictive Success,” Mathematics and Social Science, 35:1 (January), 1-15. Keywords: experiments, methodology, predictive success. Email Contact: jdh1@york.ac.uk

Hoffman, Elizabeth, James R. Marsden, and A. Whinston (1986) “Using Different Economic Data Forms,” Journal of Behavioral Economics, 15(Winter), 67-84. Keywords: experiments, methodology. Email Contact: ehoffman@uic.edu

Hoffman, Elizabeth, James R. Marsden, and A. Whinston (1990) “Laboratory Experiments and Computer Simulation: An Introduction to the Use of Experimental and Process Model Data in Economic Analysis,” in Advances in Behavioral Economics, edited by J. Kagel and L. Green, Norwood, N.J.: Ablex Publishing, . Keywords: experiments, methodology, simulation. Email Contact: ehoffman@uic.edu

Hogatt, Austin C. (1972) “On Economic Experiments in Economics,” in Contributions to Experimental Economics, Vol. 3, edited by Heinz Sauermann, Tubingen: J. C. B. Mohr, 6-27. Keywords: experiments, methodology. Email

Hoggatt, Austin C., J. Esherich, and J. T. Wheeler (1969) “A Laboratory to Facilitate Computer-Controlled Behavioral Experiments,” Administrative Science Quarterly, 14202-207. Keywords: experiments, methodology, computerization.

Hoggatt, Austin C., Hermann Brandstarter, and Peter Blatman (1978) “Robots as Instrumental Functions in the Study of Bargaining Behavior,” in Bargaining Behavior: Contributions to Experimental Economics, edited by H. Sauermann, Tubingen: J. C. B. Mohr, 179-210. Keywords: experiments, methodology, bargaining, robot players, simulation. Email

Holm, Håkan (1999) “Strategy Labels or Payoffs,” Lund University, Discussion Paper, presented at the Fall 1999 European Regional ESA Meeting. Keywords: experiments, methodology, labels, coordination game, focalness. Abstract: When pareto dominance and risk dominance point in the same direction, even a 5% payoff difference is a stronger coordination signal than the use of focal strategy labels. Email Contact: hakan.holm@nek.lu.se

Holt, Charles A., and Anne Villamil (1986) “The Use of Laboratory Experiments in Economics: An Introductory Survey,” in Laboratory Market Research, edited by S. Moriarity, Norman, Ok.: University of Oklahoma, 1-14. Keywords: experiments, methodology, survey, markets. Abstract This is a selective, introductory survey of experimental economics in the mid-eighties.. Email Contact: holt@virginia.edu

Holt, Charles A. (1995) “Psychology and Economics: A Discussion of Methodology,” University of Virginia, Discussion Paper, presented at the 1995 ASSA Meetings in Washington D.C. Keywords: experiments, methodology, incentives, probability matching, psychology, deception. Abstract: This paper discusses methodological differences between the experimental economics and psychology. Email Contact: holt@virginia.edu

Holt, Charles A., and Arthur Schram, eds. (1998-) Experimental Economics, Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers. Keywords: experiments, methodology, decisions, game theory, public, bargaining, auctions, statistics, macroeconomics, markets. Abstract: This is a refereed journal of the Economic Science Association that is published three times a year.

Ikle, Fred C. (1965) “Laboratory, Law, and Anecdote: Negotiations and the Integration of Data,” World Politics, 18:1 (October), 92-104. Keywords: experiments, methodology, bargaining, law.

Kagel, John H. (1972) “Token Economies and Experimental Economics,” Journal of Political Economy, 80:4 (July-August), 779-785. Keywords: experiments, methodology, token economies. Email Contact: kagel+@pitt.edu

Kagel, John H., Raymond C. Battalio, and James M. Walker (1979) “Volunteer Artifacts in Experiments in Economics: Specification of the Problem and Some Initial Data from a Small-Scale Field Experiment,” in Research in Experimental Economics, 1, edited by V. L. Smith, Greenwich, Conn.: JAI Press, 169-197. Keywords: experiments, methodology, subject pool. Email Contact: kagel+@pitt.edu

Kahneman, Daniel (1994) “New Challenges to the Rationality Assumption,” Journal of Institutions and Theoretical Economics, 150:1 (March), 18-36. Keywords: experiments, methodology, decisions, rationality, bounded rationality, biases, psychology. Email Contact: kahneman@wws.princeton.edu

Kamecke, Ulrich (1997) “Rotations: Matching Schemes That Efficiently Preserve the Best Reply Structure of a One Shot Game: Note,” International Journal of Game Theory, 26:3 409-417. Keywords: experiments, methodology, matching schemes, one-shot game, no contageon. Email Contact: kamecke@wiwi.hu-berlin.de

Katona, George (1978) “Psychology and Economics: Discussion,” American Economic Review, 68:2 (May), 75-76. Keywords: experiments, methodology, psychology.

Laband, David N., and Richard O. Biel (1999) “Are Economists More Selfish than Other `Social' Scientists?,” Public Choice, 100:1-2 (July), 85-101. Keywords: experiments, methodology, subject pool effects, selfishness.

Lakatos, Irme (1980) The Methodology of Scientific Research Programs, New York: Cambridge University Press. Keywords: experiments, methodology.

Loomes, Graham (1991) “Experimental Methods in Economics,” in Companion to Contemporary Economic Thought, edited by D. Greenaway, M. Bleaney and I. Stewart, Routledge***, . Keywords: experiments, methodology. Email Contact: gcl1@york.ac.uk

Loomes, Graham (1998) “Probabilities vs. Money: A test of Some Fundamental Assumptions about Rational Decision Making.,” Economic Journal, 108:447 (March), 477-489. Keywords: experiments, methodology, incentives. Email Contact: gcl1@york.ac.uk

Loomes, G. (1999) “Experimental Economics: Introduction,” Economic Journal, 109:453 (February), F1-4. Keywords: experiments, methodology, survey. Email Contact: gcl1@york.ac.uk

Loomes, G. (1999) “Some Lessons from Past Experiments and Some Challenges for the Future,” Economic Journal, 109:453 (February), F35-45. Keywords: experiments, methodology, survey, decisions. Email Contact: gcl1@york.ac.uk

Lucking-Reiley, David, and Charles Mullin (1999) “Recombinant Estimation for Simultaneous-Move Games: An Application to Revenues and Allocations in Auctions,” Vanderbilt University, Discussion Paper, presented at the Summer 1999 ESA Meetings. Keywords: experiments, methodology, econometrics, recombinant estimation, methodology. Email Contact: reiley@vanderbilt.edu

Lundholm, Russell J. (1991) “Sequential Sampling Methods for Experimental Economics,” in Research in Experimental Economics, Vol. 4, edited by R. M. Isaac, Greenwich, Conn.: JAI Press, 191-210. Keywords: experiments, methodology, statistics, sequential sampling. Abstract This paper discusses the implications of sequential sampling methods for the design of economics experiments. The relevance of the approach is due to the sequential manner in which most experimental data are collected. Email

Mason, Charles F., Owen R. Phillips, and D. B. Redington (1991) “The Role of Gender in a Non-cooperative Game,” Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 15:2 (March), 215-235. Keywords: experiments, methodology, gender, game theory. Email Contact: bambuzlr@uwyo.edu

McClintock, C. G., and S. P. McNeel (1966) “Reward Level and Game Playing Behavior,” Journal of Conflict Resolution, 1098-102. Keywords: experiments, methodology, incentive effects, game theory.

McDaniel, Tanga, and Chris Starmer (1998) “Experimental Economics and Deception: A Comment,” Journal of Economic Psychology, 19:3 (June), 403-409. Keywords: experiments, methodology, deception, psychology. Email Contact: tanga.mcdaniel@econ.cam.ac.uk

Moir, Robert (1998) “A Monte Carlo Analysis of the Fisher Randomization Technique: Reviving Randomization for Experimental Economists,” Experimental Economics, 1:1 87-100. Keywords: experiments, methodology, statistics, nonparametric statistics, randomization test, Monte Carlo methods.

Naylor, Thomas H. (1972) “Experimental Economics Revisited,” Journal of Political Economy, 80:2 (March-April), 347-352. Keywords: experiments, methodology, simulation, field experiments.

Nydegger, Rudy V. (1979) “The Use of Independently Scaled Utility Functions in the Experimental Applications of Game Theory,” in Research in Experimental Economics, Vol. 1, edited by V. L. Smith, Greenwich, Conn.: JAI Press, 361-374. Keywords: experiments, methodology, utility. Email

Ostrom, Elinor, Roy Gardner, and James K. Walker (1997) “Theory, Field, and Laboratory: The Continuing Dialogue,” in Understanding Strategic Interaction: Essays in Honor of Reinhard Selten, edited by W. Albers, W. Güth, P. Hammerstein, B. Moldovanu and E. van Damme, Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 386-393. Keywords: experiments, methodology, field studies, public, common pool resource. Email Contact: ostrom@indiana.edu

Ostrom, Elinor (1998) “A Behavioral Approach to the Rational Choice Theory of Collective Action: Presidential Address, American Political Science Association, 1997,” American Political Science Review, 92:1 (March), 1-22. Keywords: experiments, methodology, rational choice theory, behavioral analysis. Email Contact: ostrom@indiana.edu

Palfrey, Thomas R., and Robert Porter (1991) “Guidelines for Submissions of Manuscripts on Experimental Economics,” Econometrica, 59:4 (July), 1197-1198. Keywords: experiments, methodology. Email Contact: trp@hss.caltech.edu

Plott, Charles R. (1987) “Dimensions of Parallelism: Some Policy Applications of Experimental Methods,” in Laboratory Experimentation in Economics, Six Points of View, edited by A. E.. Roth, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 193-219. Keywords: experiments, methodology, policy analysis, Ethyl case, landing slots, voting, agendas, parallelism, posted prices, trading institutions,. Email Contact: cplott@hss.caltech.edu

Plott, Charles R. (1991) “Will Economics Become an Experimental Science?,” Southern Economic Journal, 57(April), 901-919. Keywords: experiments, methodology, survey. Email Contact: cplott@hss.caltech.edu

Plott, Charles R. (1994) “Market Architecture, Institutional Landscapes and Testbed Experiments,” Economic Theory, 4:1 3-10. Keywords: experiments, methodology, markets, institutions. Email Contact: cplott@hss.caltech.edu

Plott, Charles R. (1994) “Experimental Methods in Economics and Political Science: The Design Testing of Policy Options,” Human Dimensions Quarterly, 1:2 (Fall), 5-8. Keywords: experiments, methodology, political science, policy evaluation. Email Contact: cplott@hss.caltech.edu

Plott, Charles R. (1996) “Rational Individual Behavior in Markets and Social Choice Processes: The Discovered Preference Hypothesis,” in The Rational Foundations of Economic Behavior, edited by K. Arrow, E. Colombatto, M. Perlaman and C. Schmidt, London: Macmillan, 225-250. Keywords: experiments, methodology, rational choice, preferences, discovered preference hypothesis, framing, adaptation, learning, sophisticated anticipation. Email Contact: cplott@hss.caltech.edu

Plott, Charles R. (1999) “Policy and the Use of Laboratory Experimental Methodology in Economics,” in Uncertain Decisions: Bridging Theory and Experiments, edited by Luigi Luini, Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 293-315. Keywords: experiments, methodology. Email Contact: cplott@hss.caltech.edu

Poe, Grefory, Jeremy Clark, and William Schulze (1997) “Can Hypothetical Questions Predict Actual Participation in Public Programs: A Field Validity Test Using a Provision Point Mechanism,” Cornell University, Discussion Paper. Keywords: experiments, methodology, public goods, hypothetical bias, field experiment, provision point mechanism.

Potters, Jan*, and Frans van Winden (1999) “The Performance of Professionals and Students in an Experimental Study of Lobbying,” Tilburg University, Discussion Paper. Keywords: experiments, methodology, lobbying, professionals as subjects. Email Contact: j.j.m.potters@kub.nl

Rice, D. B. , and Vernon L. Smith (1991) “Nature, the Experimental Laboratory, and the Credibility of Hypotheses,” in Papers in Experimental Economics, edited by Vernon L. Smith, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 56-63. Keywords: experiments, methodology, survey. Email

Rosenthal, R. (1976) Experimenter Effects in Behavioral Research, New York: Irvington Publishers. Keywords: experiments, methodology, experimenter effects.

Roth, Alvin E. (1986) “Laboratory Experimentation in Economics,” Economics and Philosophy, 2:2 (October), 245-273. Keywords: experiments, methodology, bargaining, markets. Email Contact: aroth@hbs.edu

Roth, Alvin E. (1987) “Introduction and Overview,” in Laboratory Experimentation in Economics, Six Points of View, edited by Alvin E.. Roth, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1-13. Keywords: experiments, methodology. Email Contact: aroth@hbs.edu

Roth, Alvin E. (1987) “Laboratory Experimentation in Economics,” in Advances in Economic Theory, Fifth World Congress, edited by T. Bewley, Cambridge, U. K.: Cambridge University Press, 269-299. Keywords: experiments, methodology, survey. Email

Roth, Alvin E. (1987) “Laboratory Experimentation in Economics, and Its Relation to Economic Theory,” in Scientific Inquiry in Philosophical Perspective, edited by N. Rescher, Lanham: University Press of America, 147-167. Keywords: experiments, methodology. Email Contact: aroth@hbs.edu

Roth, Alvin E. (1988) “Laboratory Experimentation in Economics: A Methodological Overview,” Economic Journal, 98:393 (December), 974-1031. Keywords: experiments, methodology, survey. Email Contact: aroth@hbs.edu

Roth, Alvin E. (1993) “On the Early History of Experimental Economics,” Journal of the History of Economic Thought, 15:2 (Fall), 184-209. Keywords: experiments, methodology, history. Email Contact: aroth@hbs.edu

Roth, Alvin E. (1994) “Lets Keep the Con out of Experimental Econ.: A Methodological Note,” Empirical Economics, Special Issue on Experimental Economics, 19:2 279-289. Keywords: experiments, methodology. Email Contact: aroth@hbs.edu

Roth, Alvin E. (1995) “Introduction to Experimental Economics,” in The Handbook of Experimental Economics, edited by J. H. Kagel and A. E. Roth, Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 3-109. Keywords: experiments, methodology, survey. Abstract This paper provides an introduction to experimental economics from a historical and methodological perspective. Email Contact: aroth@hbs.edu

Schoumaker, F. (1986) “Tour d'horizon des methodes experimentales en sciences economiques et de leurs resultats. (Methods of Experiments in Economics. With English summary),” L'Actual Economique, 62:3 (September), 474-485. Keywords: experiments, methodology, survey.

Selten, Reinhard, and R. Tietz (1980) “Zum Selbstverstandnis der experimentellen Wirtschaftsforschung im Umkreis von Heinz Sauermann. ( An Inside View of Experimental Economics in the Vicinity of Hans Sauermann. With English summary.),” Z. ges. Staatswiss, 136:1 (March), 12-27. Keywords: experiments, methodology, survey. Email Contact: selten@lab.econ1.uni-bonn.de

Selten, Reinhard (1994) “New Challenges to the Rationality Assumptions: Comment,” Journal of Institutions and Theoretical Economics, 150:1 (March), 42-44. Keywords: experiments, methodology, bounded rationality. Email Contact: selten@lab.econ1.uni-bonn.de

Selten, Reinhard (1998) “Features of Experimentally Observed Bounded Rationality,” European Economic Review, 42:3-5 (May), 413-436. Keywords: experiments, methodology, bounded rationality. Email Contact: selten@lab.econ1.uni-bonn.de

Shweder, R. A. (1986) “Comments [Rational Choice in Experimental Markets] [Fairness and the Assumptions of Economics],” Journal of Business, 59:4 (Part 2, October), S345-S354. Keywords: experiments, methodology, rational choice, fairness.

Siegel, Sidney (1956) Nonparametric Statistics for the Behavioral Sciences, New York: McGraw-Hill. Keywords: experiments, methodology, nonparametric statistics. Abstract: This is the classic reference on nonparametric statistics for experiments, with plenty of examples from the early experimental economics and social psychology literatures.

Siegel, Sidney, and John Castellan Jr. (1988) Nonparametric Statistics for the Behavioral Sciences, New York: McGraw-Hill. Keywords: experiments, methodology, statistics, nonparametric statistics. Abstract: This is an update on Siegel's classic 1956 book on nonparametric statistics for experimenters. The new version has updated terminology but has lost some of the flavor of the original examples.

Simon, Herbert A. (1986) “The Failure of Armchair Economics,” Challenge, 29:5 (November/December), 18-25. Keywords: experiments, methodology, bounded rationality.

Simon, Herbert A. (1986) “Rationality in Psychology and Economics,” Journal of Business, 59:4 (Part 2, October), S209-24. Keywords: experiments, methodology, bounded rationality, psychology.

Slonim, Robert, and Alvin E. Roth (1998) “Learning in High Stakes Ultimatum Games: An Experiment in the Slovak Republic,” Econometrica, 66:3 (May), 569-596. Keywords: experiments, methodology, financial incentives, bargaining, learning. Email Contact: rls18@guinness.som.cwru.edu

Smith, Vernon L. “Schools of Thought in Economics 7: Experimental Economics,” , . Keywords: experiments, methodology. Email Contact: vls@econlab.arizona.edu

Smith, Vernon L. (1976) “Experimental Economics: Induced Value Theory,” American Economic Review, 66:2 (May), 274-279. Keywords: experiments, methodology, induced value theory, dominance, incentives, privacy. Abstract: This is a brief statement about the essential aspects of a good economics experiment. Email Contact: vls@econlab.arizona.edu

Smith, Vernon L. (1978) “Psychology and Economics: A Discussion,” American Economic Review, 68:2 (May), 76-77. Keywords: experiments, methodology, psychology. Email Contact: vls@econlab.arizona.edu

Smith, Vernon L. (1980) “Relevance of Laboratory Experiments to Testing Resource Allocation Theory,” in Evaluation of Econometric Models, edited by J. Kmenta and J. B. Ramsey, New York: Academic Press, 345-377. Keywords: experiments, methodology, markets. Email Contact: vls@econlab.arizona.edu

Smith, Vernon L. (1982) “Microeconomic Systems as an Experimental Science,” American Economic Review, 72:5 (December), 923-955. Keywords: experiments, methodology. Email Contact: vls@econlab.arizona.edu

Smith, Vernon L. (1985) “Experimental Economics: Reply,” American Economic Review, 75:1 (March), 265-272. Keywords: experiments, methodology. Email Contact: vls@econlab.arizona.edu

Smith, Vernon L. (1989) “Theory, Experiment and Economics,” Journal of Economic Perspectives, 3:1 (Winter), 151-169. Keywords: experiments, methodology. Email Contact: vls@econlab.arizona.edu

Smith, Vernon L. (1991) “Rational Choice: The Contrast Between Economics and Psychology,” Journal of Political Economy, 99:4 (August), 877-897. Keywords: experiments, methodology, psychology, rational choice. Email Contact: vls@econlab.arizona.edu

Smith, Vernon L., Kevin A. McCabe, and Steven Rassenti (1991) “Lakatos and Experimental Economics,” in Appraising Economic Theories**, edited by N. de Marchi and M. Blaug, Northhampton, Mass.: Edward Elgar, . Keywords: experiments, methodology, Lakatos, falsification, philosophy of science. Email Contact: vls@econlab.arizona.edu

Smith, Vernon L. (1991) “Experimental Economics at Purdue,” in Papers in Experimental Economics, edited by Vernon L. Smith, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 154-158. Keywords: experiments, methodology, history of experimental economics, survey. Email Contact: vls@econlab.arizona.edu

Smith, Vernon L., and James M. Walker (1993) “Monetary Rewards and Decision Cost in Experimental Economics,” Economic Inquiry, 31:2 (April), 245-261. Keywords: experiments, methodology, incentives, noisy behavior. Email Contact: vls@econlab.arizona.edu

Smith, Vernon L., and James W. Walker (1997) “Monetary Rewards and Decision Cost in Experimental Economics: An Extension,” University of Arizona, Discussion Paper. Keywords: experiments, methodology, bounded rationality, decision costs, decisions, game theory, incentives. Email Contact: vls@econlab.arizona.edu

Smith, Vernon L. (1998) “The Two Faces of Adam Smith,” Southern Economic Journal, 65:1 (July), 1-19. Keywords: experiments, methodology. Email Contact: vls@econlab.arizona.edu

Smith, Vernon L. (2000) “Experimental Economics,” in International Encyclopedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences, forthcoming. Keywords: experiments, methodology. Email Contact: vls@econlab.arizona.edu

Starmer, Chris (1999) “Experiments in Economics: Should We Trust the Dismal Scientists in White Coats?,” University of East Anglia, Discussion Paper presented at the 1999 Basque Country Summer School. Keywords: experiments, methodology. Email Contact: c.starmer@uea.ac.uk

Starmer, Chris (1999) “Experimental Economics: Hard Science or Wasteful Tinkering?,” Economic Journal, 109:453 (February), F5-15. Keywords: experiments, methodology. Email Contact: c.starmer@uea.ac.uk

Tarr, D. G. (1976) “Experiments in Token Economies: A Review of the Evidence Relating to Assumptions and Implications of Economic Theory,” Southern Economic Journal, 43:2 (October), 1136-1143. Keywords: experiments, methodology, survey, psychology, hypothetical incentives.

Thaler, Richard H. (1986) “The Psychology and Economics Conference Handbook: Comments,” Journal of Business, 59:4 (October), S279-84. Keywords: experiments, methodology, biases, psychology. Email Contact: richard.thaler@gsbsun.uchicago.edu

Thistle, P. D. (1987) “The Rationale for Experiments in Economics,” Journal of Behavioral Economics, 16:4 (Winter), 41-53. Keywords: experiments, methodology.

Walker, James M., Vernon L. Smith, and James C. Cox (1990) “Inducing Risk-Neutral Preferences: An Examination in a Controlled Market Environment,” Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, 3:1 (March), 5-24. Keywords: experiments, methodology, binary lottery method, risk preferences, risk aversion, inducing risk neutral preferences. Email Contact: walkerj@indiana.edu

Wilde, Louis L. (1981) “On the Use of Laboratory Experiments in Economics,” in Philosophy in Economics**, edited by J.C. Pitt, Amsterdam: Reidel, 137-148. Keywords: experiments, methodology. Email

Winkler, Robert C., John H. Kagel, Raymond C. Battalio, E. B. Fisher, R. L. Basmann, and L. Krasner (1975) “Methodological and Conceptual Issues in Testing Economic Theory of Consumer Demand in a Token Economy,” in Experimentation in Controlled Environments and Its Implications for Economic Behavior and Social Policy Making, edited by C. G. Miles, Toronto: Addiction Research Foundation, 103-113. Keywords: experiments, methodology, consumer behavior. Email Contact: rcb@esl1.tamu.edu