Y2K Bibliography of Experimental Economics and Social Science
Dictator Game Experiments

Charles A. Holt, cah2k@virginia.edu, suggestions and corrections welcome
(for online and personal use only)


Andreoni, James, and John H. Miller (1997) “Giving According to GARP: An Experimental Study of Rationality and Altruism,” University of Wisconsin, Keywords: experiments, bargaining, altruism, Cobb Douglas utility, price effects, revealed preference, bargaining. Abstract: Subjects allocate money in dictator games facing various prices or tradeoffs between own and other's earnings. Decisions are generally consistent with the axioms of revealed preference. Utility functions of own and other's earnings are used to explain the observed choices. Email Contact: andreoni@facstaff.wisc.edu

Bohnet, Iris, and B. S. Frey (1999) “Social Distance and Other-Regarding Behavior in Dictator Games: Comment,” American Economic Review, 89:1 (March), 335-339. Keywords: experiments, bargaining, social distance, dictator games. Email Contact: iris_bohnet@harvard.edu

Bolton, Gary E., Elena Katok, and Rami Zwick (1998) “Dictator Game Giving: Rules of Fairness versus Acts of Kindness*,” International Journal of Game Theory, 27:2 (July), 269-299. Keywords: experiments, bargaining, dictator game, fairness, altruism. Email Contact: geb3@psu.edu

Camerer, Colin F., and Richard H. Thaler (1995) “Anomalies: Ultimatums, Dictators and Manners,” Journal of Economic Perspectives, 9:2 (Spring), 209-219. Keywords: experiments, bargaining, ultimatum game, dictator game, fairness. Email Contact: camerer@hss.caltech.edu

Cason, Timothy N., and Vai-Lam Mui (1997) “A Laboratory Study of Group Polarization in the Team Dictator Game,” Economic Journal, 107:444 (September), 1465-1483. Keywords: experiments, bargaining, dictator game, team decisions, group decisions. Email Contact: cason@mgmt.purdue.edu

Cason, Timothy N., and Vai-Lam Mui (1998) “Social Influence in the Sequential Dictator Game,” Journal of Mathematical Psychology, 42248-265. Keywords: experiments, bargaining, dictator game, social influence. Email Contact: cason@mgmt.purdue.edu

Eckel, Catherine C., and Philip Grossman (1998) “Are Women Less Selfish than Men? Evidence From Dictator Games,” Economic Journal, 108:448 (May), 726-735. Keywords: experiments, bargaining, dictator games, gender effects. Email Contact: eckelc@vt.edu

Eckel, Catherine C., and Philip J. Grossman (1996) “Altruism in Anonymous Dictator Games,” Games and Economic Behavior, 16:2 (October), 181-191. Keywords: experiments, bargaining, dictator game, altruism. Email Contact: eckelc@vt.edu

Forsythe, Robert, Joel L. Horowitz, N. E.* Savin, and Martin Sefton (1988) “Fairness in Simple Bargaining Games,” Games and Economic Behavior, 6347-369. Keywords: experiments, bargaining, dictator games, ultimatum games. Abstract: The data reported in this paper allow a comparison of behavior in one-shot ultimatum and dictator games.

Hoffman, Elizabeth, Kevin McCabe, and Vernon L. Smith (1999) “Social Distance and Other-Regarding Behavior in Dictator Games: Reply,” American Economic Review, 89:1 (March), 340-341. Keywords: experiments, bargaining, dictator game, social distance, other-regarding behavior, altruism. Email Contact: ehoffman@uic.edu

Hoffman, Elizabeth, Kevin A. McCabe, and Vernon L. Smith (1996) “Social Distance and Other-Regarding Behavior in Dictator Games,” American Economic Review, 86:3 (June), 653-660. Keywords: experiments, bargaining, dictator game, social distance, other-regarding behavior, fairness. Email Contact: ehoffman@uic.edu

Konow, James (1999) “The Hedonistic Paradox: Is Homo Economicus Happy?,” Loyola Marymount University, Discussion Paper, presented at the Summer 1999 ESA Meeting. Keywords: experiments, bargaining, dictator games, psychology, happiness scales. Email Contact: jkonow@lmumail.lmu.edu

Murnighan, J. Keith, John M. Oesch, and Madan Pillutla (1998) “Why Dictators Offer More Than Nothing: Evidence from Two Experiments,” Northwestern University, Discussion Paper, presented at the Fall 1998 ESA Meeting. Keywords: experiments, bargaining, dictator games. Email Contact: keithm@nwu.edu

Oberhoizer-Gee, Felix, and Reiner Eichenberger (1998) “Fairness! What Fairness? Focusing Effects in Dictator Game Experiments,” University of Zurich, Discussion Paper, presented at the Summer 1998 ESA Meeting. Keywords: experiments, bargaining, modified dictator game, third allocation option, fairness. Abstract: Results of a modified dictator game experiment with an extra option are the basis for the conclusion that the apparent concern for fairness in ordinary dictator games is an artifact of a "focusing effect." Email Contact: oberholf@iew.unizh.ch

Roth, Alvin E. (1995) “Bargaining Experiments,” in The Handbook of Experimental Economics, edited by J. H. Kagel and A. E. Roth, Princeton: Princeton University Press, 253-348. Keywords: experiments, bargaining, ultimatum game, dictator game, fairness, negotiation. Abstract This paper surveys the extensive literature on behavior in bargaining experiments. Email Contact: aroth@hbs.edu

Ruffle, Bradley J. (1998) “More is Better, but Fair is Fair: Tipping in Dictator and Ultimatum Games,” Games and Economic Behavior, 23:2 (May), 247-265. Keywords: experiments, bargaining, dictator games, ultimatum games, fairness. Email Contact: bradley@bgumail.bgu.ac.il

Schotter, Andrew, Avi Weiss, and Inigo Zapater (1996) “Fairness and Survival in Ultimatum and Dictatorship Games,” Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 31:1 (October), 37-56. Keywords: experiments, bargaining, ultimatum game, dictator game, fairness. Email Contact: schotter@fasecon.econ.nyu.edu

Thaler, Richard (1989) “Anomalies: The Ultimatum Game,” Journal of Economic Perspectives, 2195-206. Keywords: experiments, bargaining, ultimatum game, dictator game, anomalies. Abstract: This paper reviews the ultimatum game in particular and fairness issues more generally, with an eye to explaining anomalies in observed behavior. Email Contact: richard.thaler@gsbsun.uchicago.edu

Vincent, Placer, and Costin Zaharia (1998) “Towards an Experimental Method to Measure Player A's Motives in Ultimatum Bargaining Environments,” Discussion Paper, presented at the Summer 1998 ESA Meeting. Keywords: experiments, bargaining, ultimatum game, motives. Abstract: A study of behavior in ultimatum and dictator games provides support for the view that non-negligible ultimatum game offers are primarily caused by concern for others' well-being rather than fear of rejection. Email Contact: zaharia@grid.ens-cachan.fr