Key Concepts

mos maiorum: "way of our ancestors"

novus: "new"

novus homo: "new man"
res novae: "new things"
Good Bad
agriculture business
small family farms latifundia (large estates)
negotium (occupation) otium (leisure)
law philosophy
frugality luxury, debt
Latin/Roman Greek
old-time religion eastern cults
patria potestas wild youth




virtus (< vir, "male, man")

Transmission of Values: The Family

Roman Names

Elite Men: tria nomina

M(arcus)  Tullius  Cicero
Praenomen Nomen Cognomen
Women: feminine form of nomen only
Tullia (Secunda, Tertia etc.)
Slave: single name
Freedman: owner's praenomen, nomen + name
M(arcus)  Tullius  Tiro
Transmission of Ideology: The State

Physical Setting

Ritual Personal Contacts

Literature (literary, historical exempla)

I invite the reader's attention to ... consideration of the kind of lives our ancestors lived ... in that record you can find for yourself and your country both examples and warnings; fine things to take as models, base things, rotten through and through, to avoid. -- Livy, preface

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